Architecture that cares about the environment brings together all the processes involved in the design and construction of buildings: thinking, maintaining, producing, projecting, managing, and undoing architecture. These are key to build in an eco-friendly manner, with the consequent reduction in energy consumption, emissions of gases that are harmful to the environment, waste, and maintenance costs.
By directly contemplating the relationship between architecture and the environment, bio-architecture acknowledges the importance of nature in the day-to-day life of the profession. This practice encourages considering the real needs of the environment. The consideration of climatic and environmental factors, materials, and renewable energy sources such as solar, new technologies, techniques, and design strategies, are usually avoided, but have the potential of completely transforming nature.
This mentality benefits nature, but also profitability since it reduces the costs of the building by optimizing the efficiency of resources. This architecture concentrates its efforts on finding a model that is effectively integrated into the ecosystem, dealing with the quality of life of the occupants and the stability of natural resources and energy usage.
Why did Environmental Architecture emerge?
Environmental Architecture emerged from the urgency to transform the mental and technical mechanisms of conventional architecture across time. Faced with the urgent situation of climate change, the reduction of natural resources, high pollution, and environmental injustice, construction professionals are incorporating sustainability into their training subjects.
Achieving a new architectural model is one of the most critical challenges of this profession since it is currently based, in most cases, outdated and far from reality study plans. Environmental architecture arises so that this profession, which is partially losing its capacity for renewal and self-criticism, adapts to the needs of the future.
It is time to re-think ways to design and build structures that not only allow to live on them but grant the environment renewal.